Avoiding the Uncontrollable Zika Virus - What You Need to Know

1. Why is Zika so serious?

 

There is no vaccine to prevent Zika or medicine to treat the infection, although most people infected won’t experience any symptoms or long-term health problems. Zika has gotten more attention when it was deemed related to microcephaly, a neurological disorder that results in babies being born with abnormally small heads. It causes severe developmental issues and even death.

 

2. How does Zika spread?

 

Mosquito Bites

Zika virus is transmitted by the Aedes species mosquito (A. aegypti and A. albopictus). These same mosquitoes spread dengue fever and chikungunya. These mosquitoes are aggressive daytime biters and also bite at night. Only female mosquitoes bite.

 

From Mother to Child

A pregnant woman can pass Zika virus to her fetus during pregnancy, especially during third trimester when it’s near the time of delivery.

 

Through Sexual Contact

A man can transmit Zika virus to his sex partners (male or female) through semen. 2016 New England Journal of Medicine study found Zika can be transmitted through anal sex.

 

Through Blood Transfusion

Multiple reports of blood transfusion transmission are being investigated in Brazil.

 

4. What are the symptoms?

 

3. How do you protect your family and yourself?

 

Travel alerts

Avoid travelling to Zika-prone locations; you may find out more about the locations at CDC’s updated travel advisories 

 

Using insect repellents

Only use natural and organic insect repellents on children, Spray insect repellent onto your hands and then apply to a child’s face. Do not apply insect repellent onto a child’s hands, eyes, mouth, and cut or irritated skin.